Michèle Friend

Catalyse Hétérogène
Valorisation des alcanes et de la biomasse (VAALBIO)

Professeur des Universités


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Adresse :Université Lille
Cité Scientifique, Bâtiment C3
59650 Villeneuve d'Ascq Cedex


In late January 2020 I joined a pilot project at the University of Lille-Nord. The pilot project is on re-conceiving science in the light of the changes in the planet. My research will begin with writing a book giving the method for constructing what I call an “institutional compass”. The contract is with Springer. It will be reviewed in the Methodos series. The book will include an original method of data analysis and an original method of representing the data. The method is quite adaptable. In particular, one of the permutations of the compass takes into account the principles of ecological economics.

Two applied compass projects are planned. One is the basin of the Santiago River with my father Anthony Friend and Salvador Peniche Camps and his team of researchers from the University of Guadalajara. The other is to construct a compass in the region of Hauts de France about the institution of the industry of producing biofuel from biomass. This will be done in conjunction with the VAALBIO project.

After, I plan to write another book, this time on the formal languages and formal representations I have been developing for conceptual analysis in chemistry.

Research interests

Areas of Specialisation

Philosophy of Mathematics,

Philosophy of Logic,

Philosophy of Relativity Theory,

Philosophy of Chemistry,

Philosophy of Ecological Economics,

Philosophy of Computer Science.


Areas of Competence

Philosophy of Science,


Philosophy of Language.


Areas of Publication

Philosophy of Mathematics,

Philosophy of Relativity Theory,

History of Logic,

Philosophy of Computer Science,

Aesthetics and Philosophy of Sport,

Philosophy of Systems Science,

Philosophy of Literature.


Feb. 2020 – Jan. 2022 I-SITE, Université Lille Nord-Europe.

Sept. 2013 – Jan.2020 Associate professor, George Washington University.

Sept. 2001 – Sept. 2013 Assistant professor, tenure-track, George Washington University.

Oct. 2000 – June 2001 Lecturer, University of Manchester.

Jan. 2000 – June 2000 Lecturer, London School of Economics.

July 1999 – Dec. 1999 Ontological engineer, Cycorp, Austin, Texas.

Jan. 1999 – April 1999 Lecturer, University of Reading.

Oct. 1998 – Dec. 1998 Tutor, University of Hertfordshire


1997, PhD.: Department of Logic and Metaphysics, School of Philosophy, University of St. Andrews, Scotland

1993, MA: Philosophy Department, McGill University, Canada

1990, BA (honours): Philosophy Department, McGill University, Canada


2015, Oxford Summer School: Balliol College, England, Oxford Summer School in Ecological Economics



  • 2014 Pluralism in Mathematics; A New Position in Philosophy of Mathematics. Logic, Epistemology and the Unity of Science, Springer.  
  • 2007 Introducing Philosophy of Mathematics. Acumen. Re-printed March 2010. Copyright now held by Wiley-Blackwell.


Edited Section of Handbook, Special Edition of Journal and Co-Edited Book

  • 2019 ongoing (publication dates vary with the dates of contributions, final date of publication 2024). Section Editor for the section on Pluralist Views of Mathematics for the Handbook of the History and Philosophy of Mathematical Practice. Springer Nature.
  • 2017 Co-Edited with Mihir Chakraborty. Mathematical Pluralism, Special Issue of the Journal of the Indian Council of Philosophical Research, Springer. JICPR Vol. 34.2
  • 2007 Induction, Algorithmic Learning Theory and Philosophy. Michèle Friend, Norma Goethe and Valentina Harizanov (eds.). Logic, Epistemology and the Unity of Science 9, Dordrecht: Springer. http://www.springer.com/us/book/9781402061264.


  • (Reviewed and re-submitted Dec. 2019) “In the Footsteps of Hilbert, The Andréka-Németi Group’s Logical Foundations of Theories in Physics”. Co-written with Giambattista Formica. Submitted to Hajnal Andéka and István Németi on the Unity of Science: From Computing to Relativity Theory Through Algebraic Logic. Judit Madarász and Gergely Székely (Eds.) Series: Outstanding Contributions to Logic, Springer.
  • 2019 “Varieties of Pluralism and Objectivity in Mathematics” Re-printed in: Reflections on the Foundations of Mathematics: Univalent Foundations, Set Theory and General Thoughts. Editors: Dr. Stefania Centrone, Dr. Deborah Kant, and Dr. Deniz Sarikaya. Synthese Library, Vol. 407. Springer. Pp. 345 -362.
  • 2018 “Keeping Globally Inconsistent Scientific Theories Locally Consistent”. Co-written with María del Rosario Martínez-Ordaz. Contradictions, From Consistency to Inconsistency. Trends in Logic 47. Walter Carnielli and Jacek Malinowski (eds.) Springer Nature Switzerland. pp. 53 – 89.   
  • 2018 Remarks of a Philosopher of Mathematics and Science; Commentary on Louis Kauffman’s “Cybernetics, Reflexivity and Second-Order Science”, in (Alexander Riegler, ed.) New Horizons for Second-Order Cybernetics. Series on Knots and Everything, Vol. 60. Alexander Reigler, Karl H. Müller & Stuart A. Umpleby (Eds.) World Scientific, pp. 327 – 333. 
  • (Submitted, 2017) “Environmentally Sound Practice in Chemistry” for a conference proceedings edited by Jean-Pierre Llored, following the International Society for the Philosophy of Chemistry meeting held in Paris 2017.  
  • 2017 Mathematical Theories as Models. Humanizing Mathematics and its Philosophy; Essays Celebrating the 90th Birthday of Reuben Hersh. Bharath Sriraman (Ed.) Birkhäuser. DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-61231-7_21
  • 2015 A Eulogy to Classical Dressage Riding. The Palace. Salla Tykkä. Gallery Anhava, Helsinki.
  • 2012 Pluralism and “Bad” Mathematical Theories: Challenging our Prejudices. Paraconsistency: Logic and Applications. Koji Tanaka, Franz Berto, Edwin Mares and Paoli Francesco (eds.). Berlin: Springer.
  • 2012 God ‘Promptly Vanished in a Puff of Logic’. Philosophy and The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy. Nicholas Joll (ed.). London: Palgrave. 185 – 212.
  • 2007 Some Philosophical Issues Concerning the Confidence in Confident Learning Theory. Induction, Algorithmic Learning Theory and Philosophy. Dordrecht: Springer. 179 – 197.
  • 2007 Introduction to the Philosophy and Mathematics of Algorithmic Learning Theory. Induction, Algorithmic Learning Theory and Philosophy. Co-written with Harizanov and Goethe. Dordrecht: Springer. 1 – 24.
  • 2005 Introduction. Boole’s Laws of Thought. Barnes and Noble Books. ix – xvii.

Peer Reviewed Articles

  • Submitted Dec. 2019. “Disturbing Truth; Sirens of Scepticism”
  • Submitted Dec. 2019. A Footbridge Between Macro-Chemistry and Biology by means of a Formal Language for Conceptual Analysis”. HYLE
  • 2019 “A Policy Compass for Ecological Economics”. Ecological Economics and Social Economic Movements: Science policy and challenges to global processes in a troubled world. Autonomous Metropolitan University of Mexico. Pp. 71 – 88.
  • 2019 “The Beginnings of a Formal Language for Conceptual Analysis of processes in Macro-Chemistry” For a special issue of Foundations of Chemistry edited by Eric Scerri and dedicated to Geoffrey Blumenthal, published with Springer Nature. Vol.22, No1. Pp. 31 – 42. DOI 10.1007/s10698-019-09343-6.
  • (final revised submission September 2019). “Distances between formal theories”. Co-written with Mohamed Khaled, Koen Lefever and Gergely Székely. Review of Symbolic Logic. A draft is available on the website: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/14849.
  • 2017 “Inconsistency in Mathematics and Chemistry”, Special issue of HumanaMente Vol. 32 Beyond toleration? Inconsistency and pluralism in the empirical sciences. (Luis Estrada-González and María del Rosario Martínez-Ordaz eds.) ISSN: 1972 – 1293. pp. 31 – 51.
  • 2017 Varieties of Pluralism and Objectivity in Mathematics, in Mathematical Pluralism, Special Issue of the Journal of the Indian Council of Philosophical Research, Mihir Chakraborty and Michèle Friend (Guest Editors) Springer. JICPR Vol. 34.2 pp. 425 – 442. DOI 10.1007/s40961-061-0085-3. ISSN: 0970-7794. pp. 425 – 442.
  • 2017 Co-written with Mihir Chakraborty. Preface. Mathematical Pluralism, Special Issue of the Journal of the Indian Council of Philosophical Research, Mihir Chakraborty and Michèle Friend (Guest Editors) Springer. JICPR Vol. 34.2 pp. 205-7. DOI 10.1007/s40961-017-0106-x. ISSN: 0970-7794. pp. 205 – 207.
  • 2016 Co-written with Daniele Molinini. ‘Using Mathematics to Explain a Scientific Theory’ Philosophia Mathematica. Vol. 24, issue 2, June 2016. DOI: 10.1093/philmat/nkv022 pp. 185 – 213.
  • 2015 On the Epistemological Significance of the Hungarian Project. Synthese, special edition: Logic and Relativity Theory. Vol. 192, Issue 7 (2015), pp. 2035-2051 DOI 10.1007/s11229-014-0608-x
  • 2013 ‘Embracing the Crisis in the Foundations of Mathematics’ in La Crise des fondements: quelle crise? François Lepage & Karine Fradet (eds.) Les Cahiers d’Ithaque Revue de philosophie de l’Université de Montréal. Pp. 27 – 43.
  • 2011 Are Mathematicians Better Described as Formalists or Pluralists? Co-written with Andrea Pedeferri. L&PS – Logic and Philosophy of Science. Vol.IX, No.1.
  • 2011 An Analysis of the Notion of Rigour in Mathematical Proof. Co-written with Andrea Pedeferri. L&PS – Logic and Philosophy of Science. Vol.IX, No.1.
  • 2010 Confronting Ideals of Proof with the Ways of Proving of the Research Mathematician. Co-written with Norma B. Goethe.
Studia Logica
Volume 96, Number 2. 273-288.
  • 2010 Boole: From Calculating Numbers to Calculating Thoughts. Ferreira, F., Löwe, B., Mayordomo, E., Gomes, L.M. (eds.) Programs, Proofs and Processes; 6th Annual Conference on Computability in Europe; Ponta Delgada, Azores Portugal, June/July 2010, Proceedings. Springer: Berlin 2010. 172-179.
  • 2006 Meinongian Structuralism. The logica yearbook ’05, Praha. 71 – 84.
  • 2005 Klasična dresura kot oblika umetnosti (Classical Dressage as a Form of Art). Trans. into Slovene by Lev Kreft. Borec. Revija za Zgodovino, Antropologijo in Književnost 626 – 629 LVII. 230 – 253.


Publications in UCCS database

 Publications dans la base de données : 0